The Iron Cross has long been held as a symbol for bravery in combat, The Germans have been employing it as an award since the 's. The major differences between the two periods are the dates displayed in the lower arm of the cross and the absecense of a Swastika in the WWI type.ww2 german iron cross second class franz petzl mm 120
There were several versions of the Iron Cross. First Class Iron Cross - This award has a pin back and does not hang from a ribbon. Second Class Iron Cross - The award has a Award has an upper loop where a ring is attached allowing it to be suspended via a ribbon. This is the award featured on this page. Hans Ulrich Rudel. Identical to the Second Class Iron Cross except that bigger. The body of the cross is outlined by a ribbed ridge.
It is placed about a quarter of an inch away from the edge of the cross. It follows the contour of the body. The area inside the ridge is painted black. The outer perimeter is of silver color. The back is solid and has no design. A heavy steel pin is hinged on one side. The other side has a catch that helps secure the pin in the closed position.
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The back of the Cross featured on this page does not have any markings. However, there are many that did. The marking found is usually a number which is knwon as the LDO Number. This marking is stamped at the time of production and denotes the name of the company and its location.
Its main purpose was to control the production of medals and orders. It is important to note that not all crosses were stamped. It is possible to find a Cross that has no markings whatsoever.
Multiple detailed photos of a specific sample are provided. Descriptions point out clearly defined points that should be noted. A price guide is included here to address this question. The value of the badges and awards is reviewed over a period of several years. A trend can be observed. The present worth of the German badges in the collector's market is illustrated.
There were several examples available.To subscribe to our mailing list For news, articles and updates. The cross is of standard quality and construction and is a nice unmarked example. The cross has the rounded frame type often associated with the Deumer firm.
The cross retains much of its silver and frosted and burnished finish and could do with a mild clean. The cross has no splitting or cracking to the core and comes complete with a piece of ribbon. The cross is of nice quality and construction and as is usual, the ribbon loop is unmarked. The cross has nice silver oxidised and burnished frame around the non-magnetic centre, which was often the case for these early crosses.
The quality is virtually near mint and it is nice to find in this condition. Scarce example for the iron cross collector. The LDO case is the standard two piece card paper hinged type with the LDO emblem in silver on the outside top of the lid. To the inside, you have a muted tangerine colour with a cut out to take the ribbon loop. There are no marks I can see to the csse. The cross which is in near mint condition, has no maker's marks either and is of standard three piece construction with an iron core encompassed by the silver frames.
There is no splitting or cracking. In very good condition, another variation for the iron cross collector. The case has been pulled apart for want of a better description, with the base being removed from the card outer base. The top being moved also and one of the side portions missing. It sounds worse than it looks. The cross itself is a nice standard iron cross in very good condition with an unusual dated style. The bottom loops of the 9, the 3 and the other 9 have been stamped flat.
The cross retains a high percentage of its original blacking and the silver frame, though tarnished, is nice and clean, with no dings, scratches etc. There is no maker's mark that I can see. In very good condition. The iron cross is a nice example in very good condition.Please create an account, or Log in here. If you don't have an account, create one here. Chrisnp items. The front of the crosses bear the crown and W for Kaiser Wilhelm, and the date at the bottom of the Iron Cross indicates the date the cross was re-instituted 5 August The Iron Cross was first instituted inas marked on the back of the second class cross, along with a splay of oak leaves in the center and the crown and royal cypher of Friedrich Wilhelm, who reigned at the time.
During WWI there were three classes of Iron Cross and one star: Second Class millions awarded ; First Class aboutawarded ; grand cross exactly five awarded ; star to the grand cross one awarded.
This is the usual place to find makers marks on the EKII. It appears to be the traditional construction: a two piece silver frame surrounding an iron core. At least the frame tarnishes like silver and the core is magnetic.
Eisernes Kreuz 1. It is definitely a two piece frame with magnetic core. The frame is beginning to separate around the upper edge This example is slightly domed, others are flat.
Silver marks for Iron Crosses are often or sometimes Some yellow appears in the last photo. Create an account or login in order to post a comment. Collectors Weekly. Sign in. All Categories All.
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Log in or Sign up. WWII Forums. Iron Cross 2nd Class Makers markings. Joined: Nov 28, Messages: 25, Likes Received: Here is a list of Iron Cross 2nd Class makers markings. Makers markings are located on the ribbon ring that is a large ring through a smaller ring--in which through the larger ring--the ribbon for the Iron Cross is put through. Location Fred Wiedmann, Frankfurt am Main Zimmermann,Pforzheim Arbeitsgemeinschaft fur Heeresbedarf in der Graveur-und-Ziselierung, Berlin Arbeitsgemeinschaft der Hanauer Plakettenhersteller, Hanau am Main Mayers Kunstpragesanstalt, Pforzheim Anton Schenkls Nachfolger, Wein Vienna Friedrich Linden, Ludenscheid Assmann und Sohn, Ludenscheid Franz Jungwirth, Wien Vienna Josef Feliz Sohn, Gablonz a.
Neckar Robert Hauschild, Pforzheim Klein und Quenzer A. Friedrich Keller, Oberstein Unknown Manufacturer Ernst L. Muller, Pforzheim Osang, Dresden Adolf Scholze, Grunwald a.
Rudolf Souval, Wien Vienna Rudolf Wachtler und Lange August G. Tam, Gablonz an der Neckar Bruder Schneider A. Arno Wallpach, Salzburg Some wear otherwise good condition with most silver remaining. Established This rare award without swords was awarded to non combatants and is much rarer than the version with swords. Only were awarded. Silver,silver-git and enamel. Some of the enamel to centre is missing otherwise good condition. Zinc construction clasp.
Magnetic backing plate intact. Pin and retainer complete. Maker details to reverse 'F. Peekhaus, Berlin' V. Zinc construction badge with gilt finish. Maker stamped F. Very rare original piece of ribbon for the Knights Cross.
A non maker marked Souval cased Iron Cross 1st Class. For Spanish volunteers fighting on the Eastern Front. With issue box.
Excellent condition and scarce.
Issued from until the end of Franco dictatorship. Maker stamped for Karl Wurster, Markneukirchen. Solid back finish with bronze wash. Nickel silver award in good condition but minus pin. Ball hinge and retainer intact. Non maker marked but considered to be 'Adolf Scholtz' Gablonz.
Alloy award with silver wash and enamel cross. Original ribbon which has slightly faded and frayed. WW2 German Minesweeper Badge.
Original Third Reich & Axis Nations Badges and Medals
Most of the gilt and silver wash remains to badge. Maker marked 'F. Zinc construction. Silver grade. Alloy badge with gilt wash to front. The silver wash to exploding water funnel is gone.
Non maker marked. Late War Example. A good example with most silver frosting remaining.From the weapons right down to the medals and awards. In the early days of the Third Reich many badges were designed, manufactured and issued without any standardize form of quality control.
As the years went by, the number of military and civilian organizations requiring badges and awards incremented dramatically. The need to develop a standard to bring production under control arose.
Its main purpose was to control the production of medals and orders. The LDO published regulations which controlled the following:. The RZM was also another organization with a similar mission to the LDO but presided over a different line of products. Manufacturing companies that produced medals, badges, orders, etc.
At that point they were assigned a number commonly known as the LDO number and were asked to stamp it on the medal or award during production. In many cases the markings would also be applied to the box or envelope in which the award was issued. Certain manufacturers had multiple LDO numbers.
These firms were fully licensed to produce some items and partially licenced to produced others. Only a couple of companies were given multiple LDO numbers, they are C. Juncker and Godet. The manufacurer's number would follow. The purpose for this number was the same as the LDO. It is not clear why the manufacturer board created two methods for tracking. Both organizations published a series of information booklets about the profession recording a wide variety of information which included topics such as awards of new developments and product construction techniques.
These organizations were considered to be trade guilds. Companies that manufactured awards were licensed by the LDO. Every licensee was given a unique number identifier.
In some instances, if the company withdrew membership and came back at a later date, the number given to them the second time may differ from that given the first time.
The photo to the right shows the number found on the back of a silver wound badge. Example of maker logo of a Luftwaffe pilot's badge.By roypaule, 15 Februaryin Medals. I've seen an iron cross 2nd Class with a maker mark 2 and 5.
This is quite new to me because almost all of my iron crosses Imperial ww1 are maker marked from makers during WW1. Most of my iron cross WW2 are maker marked with ww2 makers. In this case if it is marked 25, the number is for the Arbeitsgemeinschaft der Graveur,Gold und Silberschmiedeinnungen in Hanau, and indicates an official award piece.
That fact that a WW2 code is on a WW1 medal simply indicates that the cross is a replacement obtained through official channels as opposed to private retail purchase by a WW1 veteran still serving during WW2 a relatively uncommon, though not unknown event. Medals could be replaced free is lost during the course of duty but as the Iron Cross 2nd Class itself was rarely worn, just the ribbon in the buttonhole, it likely this is a "paid for" piece, but obtained officially.
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WWI Iron Cross first and second class
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